What Area Has the Most Glaziers? You Might Be Surprised

Glaziers looking for a job are likely interested in knowing which states and metro areas employee the most glaziers, as well as which states employee the least. According to May 2019 Occupational Employment Statistics (OES) data, released by the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics earlier this year, California, Florida, Texas, New York and Washington employ the most glaziers.

Nationally, 39,640 glaziers were employed in 2019. The national median hourly wage for the occupation was $22.28 with a mean hourly wage of $24.84. The annual mean wage was $51,670, according to the OES data.

The top paying non-metropolitan areas include Central East New York ($82,620), Southeast Minnesota ($70,100) and Hawaii/Kauai ($52,430).

The states that employed the fewest glaziers last year (between 30 and 270) include Montana, Wyoming, North Dakota, South Dakota, Alaska, Hawaii, West Virginia, Maine, Vermont, New Hampshire, Rhode Island and Delaware.

Carnegie Mellon, YKK AP Build Window-Installing Robots

As labor shortages hang over the construction industry, suppliers and contractors ponder how they might use the latest technologies to replace human functions. Five years ago, approximately 20% of builders reported they had begun to tinker with technologies such as drones and 3D printers. Since then, robots have surfaced doing everything from installing studs, drywall and tile to laying bricks at a rate of 1,000 per hour. Now, engineers at Carnegie Mellon University are taking aim at a new purpose for robotics: installing windows. In July, the university announced that, in collaboration with YKK AP Inc. and under the leadership of Kenji Shimada, the Theodore Ahrens Professor of Engineering in the Department of Mechanical Engineering, and experts in its Computational Engineering and Robotics Laboratory, are working on the project.

“YKK AP is seeing future constraints on field labor not only in the U.S., but across the globe. Increasingly tight schedules, rapid building close-ins and constraints on skilled field labor are demanding the development of advanced technologies,” says Oliver Stepe, president. “By partnering with Carnegie-Mellon University’s leading research team, YKK AP Inc.’s goal is to bring new and advanced construction technologies to market, creating efficiencies for the global construction industry.”

Shimada’s research focuses on computer modeling and simulation for product design, analysis and manufacturing. He says his team’s goals include creating a robot that can install windows, “more efficiently than any human could.” At the same time, he admits that the undertaking, “is a pretty difficult task, because the window has to be perfectly vertical and aligned to the dimension described in the architectural drawing.” Even for expert installers the process “might take 15 or 20 minutes to just put one window in the right position and orientation,” Shimada says. Nonetheless, his group is designing and building a robot with the goal of automating and cutting the task down to five minutes.

Five years ago, experts pointed to the falling cost for robotics as an inevitable sign that the technology would grow more prevalent in construction—some suggesting that by 2025 builders would cash in on 16% savings on labor costs, “by replacing human employees with robots.” In a report published last year by Omdia | Tractica, the research firm estimated that more than 7,000 robot assistants, infrastructure robots, structure robots and finishing robots will be deployed for construction by 2025.

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