The Fenestration and Glazing Industry Alliance (FGIA) has released IGMA TM 3200-21, Design Considerations for IG Unit Cavity Pressure Compensation, its newest technical manual, which provides generic design considerations for cavity compensation in insulating glass (IG) units and determining conditions, which impact the pressure in the IG unit cavity.
“The TM-3200 document is helpful for anyone who is interested in or involved with the installation of IGUs at an elevation that differs from the elevation at which they were built,” said Dan Haglin of FDR Design, chair of the FGIA Design Considerations for IG Cavity Compensation Task Group. “The committee has done an excellent job listing and explaining the different ways that are known for altering the internal cavity pressure in an IGU. Thanks to all who were involved in making this comprehensive and thorough document.”
Insulating Glass Units (IG, IGU or IG units) are dynamic assemblies in which the cavity can change dimensionally based on environmental factors (temperature and barometric pressure), dynamic load factors (wind load) and location (elevation). Since the cavity of a standard IG unit contains air, a fill gas or a mixture, the pressure and volume within the cavity are subject to these factors. As the IG unit temperature, elevation or barometric pressures change, so does the gas volume inside the IG unit, relative to its original volume. The changes can cause a deflection of the glass panes. The deflection amount depends on the IG unit dimensional geometry, glass thickness, edge seal design and materials, glazing or framing design and materials, and other factors.